Nvidia drivers

If you need to install the NVIDIA drivers in your linux box you can encounter several problems.
Here I try to summarize some useful step.

First of all try to install the distribution packages, likely something like:

  • libcublas4 - NVIDIA CUDA BLAS runtime library
  • libcudart4 - NVIDIA CUDA runtime library
  • libcufft4 - NVIDIA CUDA FFT runtime library
  • libcurand4 - NVIDIA CUDA Random Numbers Generation runt
  • libcusparse4 - NVIDIA CUDA Sparse Matrix runtime library
  • nvidia-common - Find obsolete NVIDIA drivers
  • nvidia-compute-profiler - NVIDIA Compute Visual Profiler
  • nvidia-cuda-dev - NVIDIA CUDA development files
  • nvidia-cuda-doc - NVIDIA CUDA and OpenCL documentation
  • nvidia-cuda-gdb - NVIDIA CUDA GDB
  • nvidia-cuda-toolkit - NVIDIA CUDA toolkit
  • nvidia-current - Transitional package for nvidia-current
  • nvidia-current-updates - Transitional package for nvidia-current-up
  • nvidia-opencl-dev - NVIDIA OpenCL development files
  • nvidia-settings - Transitional package for nvidia-settings
  • nvidia-settings-updates - Transitional package for nvidia-settings-u

If this fails, ty remove all the installed packages and driver and install that from the NVIDIA site:

  • Download the NVIDIA drivers and the latest CUDA installers

  • stop the X server with

    sudo service lightdm stop
  • find them with

    aptitude search '~i' | grep "nvidia\|cuda\|libcu" | grep -v "kwin\|cups\|curl"

    and check they are the installed packages and there are no other packages

  • remove them with

    sudo aptitude --purge <packages names>
  • blacklist all the modules that can interfere:

  1. in /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf insert

    blacklist amd76x_edac
    blacklist vga16fb
    blacklist nouveau
    blacklist lbm-nouveau
    blacklist rivafb
    blacklist nvidiafb
    blacklist rivatv
  2. in /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-nouveau.conf insert

    blacklist nouveau
    options nouveau modeset=0
    blacklist lbm-nouveau
    alias nouveau off
    alias lbm-nouveau off
  3. in /etc/default/grub insert

    GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash nomodeset"
  4. then run

    sudo update-grub
    sudo update-initramfs -u
  • see also here

  • install the drivers and then CUDA running the installers and following the instructions

  • in /etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-installer-disable-nouveau.conf the NVIDIA installer should insert

    blacklist nouveau
    options nouveau modeset=0
  • install some more libs

    sudo apt-get install freeglut3-dev libxi-dev libxmu-dev
  • reboot

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